PRM301 Case 2
The biggest challenge facing the Manhattan Project was the production of weapons-grade uranium. There are two types, or isotopes, of uranium, U-235 and U-238, which differ only in the number of neutrons in the nucleus. The first isotope, which is only 0.72% of naturally occurring uranium, can sustain a fast fission chain reaction; i.e., a nuclear explosion. The second isotope cannot.
U-235 and U-238 are chemically identical; a chemical compound made with U-235 is indistinguishable from one made with U-238. The two isotopes have the same melting and boiling points. This similarity means that conventional refining methods cannot separate them. Rather, they have to be separated atom by atom, taking advantage of the 1% difference in nuclear mass. There are several techniques, but all require a massive amount of energy. They are –
• Electromagnetic separation
• Centrifugal separation (In the news: Search the Web for “Iran nuclear program.”)
• Gaseous diffusion
• Thermal diffusion
The first planning challenge facing the Project was to determine the best way of purifying the uranium, which they solved in a unique, cost-is-no-object fashion.
Q1: What did they do?
As the program continued, the advantages and disadvantages of the various techniques became clear.
Q2: What were the advantages and disadvantages of each? List and discuss.
Near the end of the program, some of the purification techniques were combined, and some were eliminated.
Obviously, the sort of brute-force approach applied to the Manhattan Project, by a rich nation involved in a total war, isn’t the sort of approach one would recommend to a private company developing (say) a new phone. Just the same —
Q4: What, if any, lessons are there for a company working on the cutting edge of science and technology?
• Integrate your answers to the above questions into a well-constructed essay. Feel free to use tables and bulleted lists, if appropriate.
• The readings do not provide specific answers to every question. You will need to “fill in the gaps,” using your understanding of the Project’s history, plus the Background Information.
• Style and format must comply with the Writing Style Guide. ( TUI Guide, n.d.)
• This is not an English course; however, errors in spelling, grammar and style will be penalized.
• Provide citations and references. Use of APA style (Writing Guide) is encouraged, but not required.
The following sources provide a good starting point, but should not be regarded as “the final word.” You are encouraged to search the WWW for other relevant material. The ability to independently locate, evaluate, and utilize information is one of the skills being taught.
You should not use the “retrieved on” dates shown below. Rather, you should supply the dates that you yourself viewed the sources.
AJ (2015). The Manhattan Project: Making the atomic bomb. (Index page. See the entire site.) Retrieved August 10, 2009 from http://www.atomicarchive.com/History/mp/index.shtml
NY Guide (2002b). Management’s Guide to Project Success. (Planning: Sec. 3.3) Retrieved from the New York State Chief Information Officer/Office for Technology’s Enterprise Program Management Office, June 6, 2009.
Wideman, M. (2015b). Project management case study: The Custom Woodworking Company – Woody 2000 project. Retrieved on 7 Feb 2015 from http://www.maxwideman.com/papers/woody2000/intro.htm
Haughey, Duncan. (2009). Project Planning A Step by Step Guide. Retrieved August 10, 2009 fromhttp://www.projectsmart.co.uk/pdf/project-planning-step-by-step.pdf
Jutte, B. (2015). 10 Golden Rules of project risk management. Retrieved on 7 Feb 2015 from http://cdn.projectsmart.co.uk/pdf/10-golden-rules-of-project-risk-management.pdf
Krichbaum, B. Selecting project managers: Project management as it ought to be. Retrieved on 7 Feb 2015 from http://cdn.projectsmart.co.uk/pdf/project-management-as-it-ought-to-be.pdf
RoC (2008b). Public Procurement Best Practices Guide, (Planning: Chap. 7.1 – 7.4) Treasury of the Procurement Directorate of the Treasury of the Republic of Cyprus (Chapter 7). Retrieved August 10, 2009 from http://www.publicprocurementguides.treasury.gov.cy/OHS-EN/HTML/index.html?7_project_management.htm
SBI (2014b). Mastering project management (Project planning). Retrieved on 9 Feb 2015 fromhttp://www.mastering-project-management.com/project-planning.html
TeamFME (2013b). Project Management Principles (Planning: pgs. 33-36). Retrieved August 10, 2009 from http://www.free-management-ebooks.com/dldebk-pdf/fme-project-principles.pdf
Our Service Charter
Excellent Quality / 100% Plagiarism-FreeWe employ a number of measures to ensure top quality essays. The papers go through a system of quality control prior to delivery. We run plagiarism checks on each paper to ensure that they will be 100% plagiarism-free. So, only clean copies hit customers’ emails. We also never resell the papers completed by our writers. So, once it is checked using a plagiarism checker, the paper will be unique. Speaking of the academic writing standards, we will stick to the assignment brief given by the customer and assign the perfect writer. By saying “the perfect writer” we mean the one having an academic degree in the customer’s study field and positive feedback from other customers.
Free RevisionsWe keep the quality bar of all papers high. But in case you need some extra brilliance to the paper, here’s what to do. First of all, you can choose a top writer. It means that we will assign an expert with a degree in your subject. And secondly, you can rely on our editing services. Our editors will revise your papers, checking whether or not they comply with high standards of academic writing. In addition, editing entails adjusting content if it’s off the topic, adding more sources, refining the language style, and making sure the referencing style is followed.
Confidentiality / 100% No DisclosureWe make sure that clients’ personal data remains confidential and is not exploited for any purposes beyond those related to our services. We only ask you to provide us with the information that is required to produce the paper according to your writing needs. Please note that the payment info is protected as well. Feel free to refer to the support team for more information about our payment methods. The fact that you used our service is kept secret due to the advanced security standards. So, you can be sure that no one will find out that you got a paper from our writing service.
Money Back GuaranteeIf the writer doesn’t address all the questions on your assignment brief or the delivered paper appears to be off the topic, you can ask for a refund. Or, if it is applicable, you can opt in for free revision within 14-30 days, depending on your paper’s length. The revision or refund request should be sent within 14 days after delivery. The customer gets 100% money-back in case they haven't downloaded the paper. All approved refunds will be returned to the customer’s credit card or Bonus Balance in a form of store credit. Take a note that we will send an extra compensation if the customers goes with a store credit.
24/7 Customer SupportWe have a support team working 24/7 ready to give your issue concerning the order their immediate attention. If you have any questions about the ordering process, communication with the writer, payment options, feel free to join live chat. Be sure to get a fast response. They can also give you the exact price quote, taking into account the timing, desired academic level of the paper, and the number of pages.